Pentagon Developing Autonomous Humanoid Robots aka Terminators
Technology Articles 8/16/12
By: David Martinez
In as little as two years, a terminator like robot might be asking you, "Come with me if you want to live."
The Department of Defense has awarded a lucrative contract to an engineering and robotics design company to develop and build humanoid robots that can act intelligently without supervision.
Boston Dynamics Inc. has been contracted by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the agency responsible for the development of new technologies for use by the military, in a deal worth $10.9 million.
The DoD announced Tuesday that â€œThe robotic platforms will be humanoid, consisting of two legs, a torso, two arms with hands, a sensor head and on board computing.â€
DARPAâ€™s website says that the robots will help â€œconduct humanitarian, disaster relief and related operations.â€
â€œThe plan identifies requirements to extend aid to victims of natural or man-made disasters and conduct evacuation operations.â€ reads the brief, first released in April as part of DARPAâ€™s â€˜Robotics Challengeâ€™.
The robots will operate with â€œsupervised autonomyâ€, according to DARPA, and will be able to act intelligently by themselves, making their own decisions if and when direct supervision is not possible.
The Pentagon also envisions that the robots will be able to use basic and diverse â€œtoolsâ€.
â€œThe primary technical goal of the DRC is to develop ground robots capable of executing complex tasks in dangerous, degraded, human-engineered environments. Competitors in the DRC are expected to focus on robots that can use standard tools and equipment commonly available in human environments, ranging from hand tools to vehicles, with an emphasis on adaptability to tools with diverse specifications.â€ reads the original brief.
The robots are set to be completed by Aug. 9, 2014, according to the contract.
While the Pentagon says the robots are for â€œhumanitarianâ€ missions, one cannot avoid thinking of the propensity to adapt this kind of military style technology for other more aggressive purposes.
Indeed, the Pentagon has, in the past, issued a request to contractors to develop teams of robots that can search for, detect and track â€œnon-cooperativeâ€ humans in â€œpursuit/evasion scenariosâ€.
Paul Marks at The New Scientist pointed out such proposals are somewhat concerning, because they inevitably will be adapted for domestic purposes such as crowd control.
â€œâ€¦how long before we see packs of droids hunting down pesky demonstrators with paralyzing weapons? Or could the packs even be lethally armed?â€ Marks asks.
Marks interviewed Steve Wright, an expert on police and military technologies, from Leeds Metropolitan University, who commented:
â€œThe giveaway here is the phrase â€˜a non-cooperative human subject'. What we have here are the beginnings of something designed to enable robots to hunt down humans like a pack of dogs. Once the software is perfected we can reasonably anticipate that they will become autonomous and become armed. We can also expect such systems to be equipped with human detection and tracking devices including sensors which detect human breath and the radio waves associated with a human heart beat. These are technologies already developed.â€
Indeed, noted as PHASE III on the Pentagon proposal was the desire to have the robots developed to â€œintelligently and autonomously searchâ€.
Top robotics expert, Noel Sharkey, Professor of Artificial Intelligence and Robotics at the University of Sheffield, has previously warned that the world may be sleepwalking into a potentially lethal technocracy and has called for safeguards on such technology to be put into place.
â€œIf you have an autonomous robot then itâ€™s going to make decisions who to kill, when to kill and where to kill them. The scary thing is that the reason this has to happen is because of mission complexity and also so that when thereâ€™s a problem with communications you can send a robot in with no communication and it will decide who to kill, and that is really worrying to me.â€
The professor also warned that such autonomous weapons could easily be used in the future by law enforcement officials in cites, pointing out that South Korean authorities are already planning to have a fully armed autonomous robot police force in their cities.
Source: Washington Technology