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20 Facts About Ancient India Part I

If you’re interested in learning more about ancient India, this is a good place to start , with a collection of general facts about the past of this interesting culture. Also, be on the lookout for additional installments of ancient India facts, including subject-based articles like “Ancient Indian Facts: Food and Clothing.”

1) During the ancient days of India, there was an assortment of well-known and significant educational institutions in the country. They included Taxila and Nalanda, which furthered the knowledge of thousands of students who came from all over to study a variety of subjects. Taxila is an important archeological site positioned in what is today the modern version of Pakistan. As a popular historical site, the school was located at the crossroads of three major trade routes, including the royal highway and a path to the Silk Road. As for Nalanda, this ancient university inn Bihar, India played host to the Buddha , who is said to have stayed on more than one occasion at the school , choosing to reside in Pavarika’s mango grove.

2) The earliest school of medicine linked to ancient India is called Ayurveda, which was mainly established by Charaka (sometimes referred to as Caraka) , a revered Indian doctor. Today, this system of healing is looked upon as the only method that takes into consideration the holistic view of the individual in question. When it comes to Charaka, who was born in 300 BC, he is known as one of the main contributors to advancements in ancient art and science of Ayurveda. Charaka is also known as being the first doctor to embrace concepts that dealt with digestion, metabolism, and immunity. 

3) India was given the nickname of “the golden bird,” as it possessed considerable wealth in the past. Those who got the bright idea to invade the country did so because they sought after its wealth.

4) The first person to calculate the time it took the earth to orbit the sun, was a respected astronomer and mathematician of ancient Indian days , Bhaskaracharya

5) The Pythagoras theorem concept was thoroughly explained by Budhayana, who is thought of as the first to calculate the value of Pi.

6) According to Greek philosophers, ancient India did not follow the practice of slavery.

7) It is said that the astronomer and scientist Aryabhatta discovered the number zero. Did you know that the number system was invented in ancient India?

8) Science and mathematics were quite enhanced in ancient India, so much so that they brought algebra, trigonometry, and calculus to the forefront of the math world. Another mathematical achievement associated with India involves Sridharacharya, who worked on quadratic equations during the 11th century.

9) When it comes to town planning and other similar subjects , the Indus Valley civilization is considered one of the most advanced in history.

In Part Two of “X Facts About Ancient India,” you will learn that a popular game in modern times was also embraced by the ancient Indians, as well as encounter a brief mention of a respected physician who was truly ahead of his time.