725-715 BC: The 24th Dynasty takes place.
712-657 BC: The 25th Dynasty takes place, at which time, the Nubians fell victim to an Assyrian invasion. During this time, the Greeks provided help in an effort to revamp order. Hints of the Old Kingdom emerged, as the arts blossomed during the 25th Dynasty.
664-552 BC: 26th Dynasty occurs. During the mid- 650s BC, Psamtik I drives away Assyrian invaders and is able to defeat Kushite kings. All of this took place after the death of his father, where he vowed to unite all of Egypt and provide relief from Assyrian control. This was accomplished within the initial ten years of his reign.
610 – 595 BC: Reaching from the Nile to the Red Sea, Nekau Ii starts on the construction of a grand canal.
525-404 BC: The 27th Dynasty marks the Persian Conquest, where the Persians invaded and took control of Egypt. It wasn’t until 404 BC until they were removed.
525 BC Persians invade Egypt once again and Cambyses successfully defeats the Egyptians at the Battle of Pelosium. After Egypt, Cambyses was interested in taking over Kush, which included kingdoms of Meroe and Napata , found in what is now known as the Sudan. However, his army was not able to travel across the deserts. After many losses, he had no choice but to return.
510 – 497 BC: The canal from the Nile to the Red Sea is completed by King Dauius.
404 ,399 BC: The 28th Dynasty takes place, seeing Amytravios retaking control of Egypt from Persia.
399-380 BC: The 29th Dynasty.
380-343 BC: The 30th Dynasty.
343 – 342 BC: Artaxerxes I (the son of Xerxes I of Persia) retakes control of Egypt. He served as king of the Persian Empire from 465 BC to 424 BC. Some historians dispute these dates and place his reign around 475 BC.
332 BC Alexander the Great invades Egypt. In 331 BC, the city of Alexandria is founded.
323-30 BC: The Ptolemaic Dynasty emerges, which becomes quite confusing for inhabitants. The new capital of Egypt is now Alexandria. It would become the location of the best library that the ancient world would know. At this time, Egypt’s power continued to grow, which lasted until the death of Cleopatra. As a result, Rome gained country over the country.
300 BC: The island of Philae in the Nile River becomes home to the Temple of Isis.
31 BC: Queen Cleopatra VII and Mark Anthony are defeated; and Octavian gains entrance into Egypt. This event marks the beginning of Roman rule in Egypt. Following the deaths of Cleopatra and Antony in 30 BC, the Romans gain control of ruling Egypt. For 2,000 years, Egypt will never see another ruler of Egyptian blood again.
395 – 641 AD: The use of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing is no longer seen and eventually, the Egyptian people cannot decipher their symbols of the past.
641 AD: The Muslim Arabs conquer Egypt.
1822 AD: With the help of the Rosetta Stone, Jean Francois Champollion is able to unlock the hieroglyphic code. He also used the work accomplished by those before him (Johan David Akerblad, Thomas Young, Athanasius Kircher, Silvestre de Sacy, and William John Bankes). In the end, translating the Rosetta Stone allowed Champollion to show the similarities between the written Egyptian language and Greek writing system. The Egyptians had used a blend of phonetic and ideographic signs when recording their histories and communicating with others.