As 18,000 BCE rolled around, numerous changes began to take place within the world, as early humans made advancements in different ways to communicate, eat, as well as create new tools. During this time period, domesticated cats are thought to have first hit the scene due to analysis of DNA.
Communication progression during 18,000 BCE includes the use of what is referred to as ostrich-shell beads. Evidence of this is uncovered at the Apollo-11 site, located in the country of Namibia. Early humans start to decrease the size of the stone blades that they use as tools. These tools are referred to as “microblades.” Evidence of these tools was found in central parts of Africa, as well as Eurasia. By 17,000 BCE, investigation of the Ishango site, located within the Democratic Republic of Congo, uncovered evidence of the earliest sample of a harpoon. Early harpoons were fashioned from bone at this time.
Dating back to 16,000 BCE, pendants with carvings on them are worn by early humans in the France region. Scenes, such as the head of a bison, were found on such jewelry. Located in the Near East, evidence of grinding stones can be traced to this time, which were thought to be used in regards to the processing of the seeds from wild grasses. Evidence of stone arrowheads has been uncovered in Spain, which date back to this time period.
Rope found at Lascaux Cave, which is in France, offers insight into its use during 15,000 BCE. Advancements in math are traced back to this time period with the discovery of bones throughout the Middle East, showing notches etched on them. This is believed to indicate a recording of sequenced numbers. Some of the finds are connected to the first lunar calendars associated with the countries of Jordan and Israel.
Famous cave paintings are found dating back to this time, which originates from the Magdelenian culture. Traces of this culture have been located in numerous areas, such as the northeastern section of Spain, as well as in the central areas of Europe. An array of engravings is produced during this time, which are placed upon materials, such as bone, antler and slate. The subjects of these visuals resemble animals, abstract interpretations of women, as well as animals with human-like qualities.
Tool advancements also flourish during this time. Within the Aztec culture, spear throwers emerge. Harpoons become more advanced, featuring additional characteristics, such as single and double rows, consisting of needles, awls, barbs, as well as points. These additions are created from antlers and bones. Another tool is traced back to this time, which is also made from the antlers of reindeer. It is referred to as a baton. The use of this tool is unknown, but it is believed to have aided in the use of spears. Some theories also exist where the baton is thought to be a sign of power. Sometimes, illustrations and designs are found carved on the baton.