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The Natural Surroundings of Ancient Egyptians

The close proximity to the Nile River was one of the most important geographic advantages to living in ancient Egypt. The river served as the pulse of the ancient country, and was very much needed to allow people to live in a desert that was otherwise barren. The Nile is the longest river in the world , stretching across more than 4,000 miles. In this article, you will learn more about the Nile, as well as other details of living during ancient Egyptian times.

The Nile for Traveling

In ancient Egypt times, the Nile was used as the main method of traveling. When using the Nile, the Egyptians built different kinds of boats, which included passenger, cargo, navel, and funerary.

The Nile for a Source of Food

The inhabitants of ancient Egypt also used the Nile as a source of food, which also helped with the agricultural aspects of the region. The river was full of fish and the ancient Egyptians had a variety at their fingertips. The Nile provided the likes of catfish, mullet, bolti, and perch.

The Nile for Irrigation and Agriculture

A layer of nutrient-bearing silt was also left behind when the waters of the annual inundation receded. The river was then used for irrigation, which allowed the Egyptians to perform their agricultural duties. Because of the river, it was possible for humans to exist in the region. The water that came from the Nile was regular and could be counted on as a source of water. An annual flood of the Nile also revamped the floodplain with water and new soil. The Nile was a constant symbol of rebirth for the ancient Egyptians.  

The Breakdown of Land Around the Nile

The low strips of fertile land found on either side of the Nile River are called the floodplain. The majority of ancient settlements were situated on the highest ground of this zone. This is where most of the farming took place. On either side of the floodplain, a strip of higher land was called the low desert. This was not watered by the Nile. The zone had little vegetation to offer; therefore it was a place that the men hunted and the Egyptians would establish their cemeteries.

The High Desert

The barren section of the areas was known as the high desert. Only trade caravans or groups that organized in search of stone and mineral resources would venture into this part of the desert. In some locations, valuable crops, such as grapes and dates, could be grown here. The barren part of the desert played a significant role in trading with areas located further away.

Ancient Egyptian Tools of Agriculture

During ancient Egyptian days, only a few basic tools were used to complete their agricultural tasks. They include sickles, hoes, plows, forks, scoops, and baskets. For example, hoes were used to break up the clumps of dirt that formed during plowing and were used for tending to the crops. Hoes were also used to move dirt when they needed to build a structure or make bricks. The hoe of ancient Egyptian days was comprised of a handle and a blade. The two pieces were fitted together and then tied together with a rope.