Exploring Hurricanes: Statistics & Calculations

Meteorologists use a variety of details regarding a storm to calculate where it may hit. Although information can be gathered to predict the path of a hurricane, it is not uncommon for storms to change their course. In this article, we will take a look at hurricane statistics; how to calculate where a hurricane will strike, as well as the time of year they most likely will appear.


Hurricane Statistics


Throughout each year, there is an average of 10 tropical storms that develop across various bodies of water, including the Atlantic Ocean. Gulf of Mexico, as well as the Caribbean Sea. Luckily, many of these tropical storms stay over the ocean and do not reach residential area, but on the average, six of these storms will transform themselves into hurricanes on a yearly basis.


 If you take a look at a typical 3-year period, around five hurricanes will make their way to the coastline of the United States. The areas that are hit the most by these destructive entities can be anywhere from the state of Texas to the state of Maine. Out of the five hurricanes that reach these states, two of them are most likely classified as a “major” or “intense” hurricane. This means that their winds reached speeds greater than 110 miles per hour. Usually, the death toll left behind ranging from the death of 50 to 100 people.


Hurricanes also strike in the Mexico, Caribbean islands and Central American areas, gaining a reputation for creating a great amount of damage. There are two main reasons why the damage in these various areas reaps more of an impact. The first is due to the fact that hurricanes are deadlier when over warmer bodies of water. The second reason is that these other nations are unable to evacuate their residents from threatened areas as efficiently and successfully as the United States is equipped to do.


Calculating Where a Hurricane Will Hit


The formation of a hurricane can be detected within its early stages. This information is analyzed and presented by meteorologists. The downside of calculating hurricane arrivals is that pertinent details on which path the hurricane will take cannot be determined until the storm increases its speed and begins moving. Potential hurricane storms are constantly being watched so that meteorologists can predict where the hurricane would strike. This can be rather difficult to decipher since hurricanes have been known to veer off of a predicted path. This is why two alternate paths are created from the information received from constant surveying of the storm. Meteorologists are then able to create a weather map that will show what they believe to be the estimated path of the hurricane, as well as two other possible scenarios should the storm suddenly change directions.


What Time of Year Do Hurricanes Usually Appear?


During the late spring season, as well as early summer is when you will see the most developments in regards to hurricanes. They pose a threat all the way until the early fall season. Cyclones on the other hand can be experienced in the South Pacific and Australia between the months of December and March. For those living in the North Indian Ocean area, you will find that most cyclones present themselves between the months of May and November. When it comes to typhoons, they can appear anytime throughout the year, but they are most likely to develop during the summer season. For those of you who are unfamiliar with typhoons, they are tropical cyclones that occur within the western Pacific or Indian oceans.