The reptiles of modern day are found on every continent in the world except for Antarctica, including 23 species of crocodilia and about 7,900 species of squamata, which includes lizards and snakes. In this article, you will learn interesting facts about crocodiles, the Komodo dragon, and other reptiles in the animal kingdom.
One Speedy Croc
Reaching speeds of up to 10.56 mph, the freshwater crocodile is at its fastest when in a full gallop. There are only a few species of crocodile that are able to achieve this type of movement on land. This crocodile is a native of Australia and rarely grows larger than 8 to 10 feet.
Largest Crocodile Eggs
With a slim snout and lengthy, narrow jaw, the false gharial is a native of southeast Asia that lays eggs that can measure around 3.94 by 2.76 inches.
One Really Big Dangerous Lizard
If you ever come face to face with a Komodo dragon, you better turn and run far away. This lizard can measure up to 10 feet 3 inches long and reach a weight of about 154 pounds , making it the largest lizard. In 2009, researchers at Melbourne University in Australia made an interesting discovery about the Komodo dragon. They learned that the reptile is equipped with a pair of venom glands in its lower jaw that lets loose a venom that contains more than one different toxic proteins.
Quick on its feet, the fastest lizard in the world is called the spiny tailed iguana , a native of Central America. Scientists who conducted experiments on the lizard learned that the creature can reach a maximum burst speed recorded for any reptile on land was 21.7 mph.
Biggest Tortoise Award
The award for the largest tortoise record in the world goes to a creature named Goliath, who lived at the Life Fellowship Bird Sanctuary in Seffner, Florida from 1960 until his death in November 2002. The tortoise measured 4 foot 5 Ã‚Â½ inches long, 3 foot 3.6 inches wide, and was 2 foot 3 inches tall with a weight of 920 pounds. Overall, the giant tortoise that lives on the Galapagos Islands is the largest tortoise species.
Out of all the reptiles, it is the crocodiles, alligators, and gharials that belong to the crocodilian group that is the closest living relatives to birds.
A Biblical Lizard
The common basilisk is nicknamed the ‘Jesus Lizard’ because of its ability to run on water.
There is a misconception that all reptiles live on dry land. Actually, the marine iguana and a few species of sea snake dwell in salt water.
The Komodo dragon is not the only creature that is full of venom, as the Mexican beaded lizard and gila monster are also venomous.