A bit of curiosa from the April 11, 1896 Scientific American. We at
KeelyNet agree with the contentions in the document CANYON1 that many of
our “institutions” are suppressing or otherwise hiding discoveries or
information relating to our past for reasons unknown. This is something we
came across that could be a hoax, yet is worth investigating if anyone out
there in cyberland has the resources or contacts to check it out. We would
appreciate feedback on this since it originated at KeelyNet.
I don’t have the time to show a before and after image of the Sphinx WITH
such a Diadem ATTACHED, so if anyone out there can work up such a set of
images, I’d be most grateful if you’d let us add them to the file for
others to study………………………………..Thanks…>>> Jerry
An Interesting Archeological Discovery
We have received the following letter from Mr. George E. Raum, late of San
Cairo, Egypt, February 29, 1896
To the Editor of the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN :
Dear Sir: I enclose a rough sketch of a portion of the rock crown of the
Sphinx found by me. This portion of the stone crown or diadem of the
Sphinx was found at the bottom of the temple, between the forepaws, on
February 26, 1896. Originally this stone crown was in all probability ten
feet broad and as high again, with a stone stem seven feet long, which
fitted into the perpendicular hole in its head, to hold it on. We now know
how the Sphinx originally looked.
Yours Truly, GEORGE E. RAUM
This discovery of Col. Raum is of great interest, though the statement of
the find has been received with incredulity in some quarters. The
arguments of the gentlement who are inclined to disbelieve in the
authenticity of the stone found are NOT convincing, being principally based
on the fact that the temple has been excavated by several modern explorers
– Caviglia, Mariette, and M. Maspero.
Again, others state that “it is not usual to hear of holes ‘drilled’ by the
ancients in their monuments,” but the Egyptians worked hard stones with
bronze saws set with corundum or diamonds, and for tubular drilling they
had tools like our modern diamond rock drills (see Engineering, XXXVII,
Another point which has been made is that there are THREE LOTUS COLUMNS on
the cap. This is more reasonable criticism and may possibly be
satisfactorily explained. The fallibility of Egyptologists is well known,
but until some really convincing proof is brought forward, IT IS PROBABLY
SAFE TO BELIEVE that the marked stone found by Mr. Raum is the cap or
diadem of the Sphinx.
The Egyptian Sphinx was usually an emblematic figure representative of a
king, and may be considered, when with the head of a man and the body of a
lion, as the union of intellect and physical force.
The Great Pyramid of Sphinx lies about 1,800 feet southeast of the Great
Pyramid of Gizeh. It is a recumbent androsphinx, or man-headed lion, hewn
out of a natural eminence in the solid rock. Owing to certain defects in
the rock, these faults were remedied by a partial stone casing, the legs
being likewise added.
The addition of these pieces militates against the argument that the cap so
recently found could not have belonged to the Sphinx, as it did not form a
part of the solid rock. An excellent idea of this hoary monument of
antiquity may be obtained from the engraving in the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
SUPPLEMENT, No. 864. The Sphinx has been variously measured. The figures
given by Mr. E. L. Wilson are length, 155 feet; height from the base, 63
Between the paws is a temple (?) which speedily fills up with sand after
being excavated. It is considered that the Sphinx is older than the Great
Pyramid. Various interpretations have been given to this boldy sculptured
figure which rises out of the waste of sands. Cambyses mutilated the face
of the Sphinx, and it may have been at this time that it LOST ITS CAP.
The brow of the Sphinx is nearly 14 feet broad; so the cap, which is 4 feet
6 inches long at the bottom, probably only formed the tip of the cap, as
stated by Mr. Raum. Col. Raum obtained permission to excavate in and
around the Pyramids and Sphinx from the Egyptian government. He came upon
the cap at a depth of fourteen or fifteen feet below the surface in the
temple (?) between the forepaws.
The stone is painted red in the decorations, as was in order, as the
countenance of the Sphinx was ORIGINALLY OF A REDDISH HUE.
The cap is irregular in shape, measuring 2 feet 2 inches at the top and 4
feet 6 inches at the bottom; on the left side, from top to bottom. It
measures 2 feet 8 inches. The left side has a conventional decoration.
In the center are three lotus columns and a fish, on the right side is a
portion of the sun’s disk. The wonderful discoveries conducted by Mr. L.
De Morgan, at Dahshur, Egypt, are described in the current issue of the
SUPPLEMENT. The tomb of Queen Khnemit was unearthed by the discoverer and
a beautiful golden crown and other ornaments of elaborate workmanship were
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