What caused the AIDS epidemic?

This file is a bibliography showing the train of events

that is believed to have caused the AIDS epidemic.

Read AIDS3 for more details.


Newsgroups: sci.skeptic

Subject: I do not believe establishment story on AIDS origin

Message-ID: <[email protected]>

Date: 27 Apr 90 10:25:09 GMT

Sender: [email protected]

Reply-To: [email protected] (John Winters)

Organization: AT&T Paradyne, Largo, Florida

Lines: 290

Here is why. Check the following references and it will become

obvious that AIDS is a combination of two animal viruses. The next

posting has more discussion. This one serves as the bibliography.

The following is published with permission. Permission is granted

to republish as required to educate the public and warn them. This

may be verified at the phone numbers that follow.

The following annotated bibliography was written by Dr. Robert B.



For more information, please contact:


1216 Wilshire Blvd.

Los Angeles, CA 90017

(213) 977-1210, (213) 977-0901

Outside California: (800)548-3198



Greenberg DS, Whatever Happened to the War on Cancer?

Discover 1986; March:47

Leibowitch, J. A Strange Virus of Unknown Origin. trans. Howard R.

(Un Virus Estrange Vinu D’Ailleurs. Grasset et

Fasquelle 1984)

New York: Ballentine Books 1985.



Page 1





Connor, S. AIDS: Mystery of the Missing Data; AIDS: Science Stands

On Trial

New Scientist 116: 19, 49-58,1987.



Letter by committee on Recombinant DNA, National Research Council,

National Academy Of Sciences. Potential Biohazzards of

Recombinant DNA Molecules

Science 26 July 1974.

Anonymous Un-Natural Viruses

Nature New Biology 230:65-66, 1971.

Clemmesen J. Summation Comparative Leukemia Research 1973,

Leukemogenesis, Bibl. Haematologica No. 40, Ed. Y. Ito

and R M Dutcher;

University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo/Karger, Basel, pp 783-

792, 1975.

Burnet F.M. Men Or Molecules? A Tilt at Molecular Biology

Lancet 1:37-39, 1966.



Shah K. and Nathanson N. Human Exposure to SV40: Review and Comment

American J. Epidemiology 103:1-12,1976.



Allison A C Beveridge WIB. Cockburn W C. et al. Virus-Associated

Immunopathology: Animal Models and Implications for

Human Disease

Bulletin WHO 47:257-263,1972.

Amos D B Bodmer W F. Ceppelini R. et al. Biological Significance

of Histocompatibility Antigens. Fogerty International

Center Proceedings No. 15.

Fed Proc 31:1087-1104,1972.

Higginson J The Epidemiological Program of the International Agency

for Research on Cancer. In: Seventh National Cancer

Conference Proceedings. Los Angeles: American Cancer

Society, Inc. and National Cancer Institute. pp.679-

684,1972. (Note the map on page 681 as it relates to

the epidemiology of AIDS)



Dent P B Immunodepression by Oncogenic Viruses

Progr. Med. Virol. 14:1-35,1972.

Aaroson S A Common Genetic Alterations of RNA Tumor Viruses Grown in

Human Cells

Nature 230:445-447,1972. (An explanation of how to

adapt a retrovirus growing in one species to another –

in this case human)



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Maruyama K and Dmochowski L Cross-species Transmission of Mammalian

RNA Tumor Viruses

Texas Medicine 69:65-75,1973. (A Study of how to adapt

a retrovirus growing in one species to another in vivo)

Maruyama K Wagner S H and Dmochoski L Sarcomas Induced in Rats by

Feline RNA Virus

Bibl. Haemat. 40:93-95,1975.

Bonnard G D Manders E K Campbell D A et al. Immunosuppressive

Activity of a Subline of the Mouse EL-4 Lymphoma

Evidence for Minute Virus of Mice (MVM) Causing the


J. Exp. Med. 143:187-205,1976. (This paper along with

the Iorio paper on the production of a viral

immunodepressive factor producing AIDS proves the

relationship between Bull. WHO 47:257,1972 and the

subsequent appearance of immunodepressive viruses.)



Clapham P Nagy K and Weiss R A Pseudotypes of Human T-cell

Leukemia Virus Types 1 and 2:Neutralization by Patients’


Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 81:2886-2889,1984.

Shaw G M Gonda M A Flickinger G H et. al. Genomes of Evolutionarily

Divergent Members of the Human T-cell Leukemia Virus

Family (HTLV-I and HTLV-II) are Highly Conserved,

Especially in pX

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 81:4544-4548,1984.

Gonda M A Wong-Stall F Gallo R C et. al. Heteroduplex Mapping in

the Molecular Analysis of the Human T-cell Leukemia

(Lymphotropic) Viruses Cancer Research

45 (Supplement):4553s-4558,1985.

Rice N R Stephens R M Burny A et. al. The gag and pol Genes of

Bovine Leukemia Virus: Nucleotide Sequence and Analysis

Virology 142:357-377,1985. (Shows that BLV is highly

related to HTLV I)

Burny A Bruck G Cleuter Y et. al. Bovine Leukemia Virus, a

Distinguished Member of the Human T-Lymphotropic Virus

Family Retroviruses in Human Lymphoma Leukemia M. Miwa

et. al. Eds.

Japan Sci. Soc. Press. Tokyo, VNU Science Press,

Utrecht, pp. 219-227,. 1983. (Demonstrates the close

structural and functional relationships between BLV and

Human Retroviruses)

Alizon M and Montagnier L Relationship of AIDS to other Retroviruses

Nature 313-743,1985.

Chiu I M Yaniv A Dahlberg J E et. al. Nucleotide Sequence Evidence

for Relationship of AIDS retrovirus to Lentiviruses

Nature 317:366-368,1985. (Demonstrates a relationship

to BLV and Visna viruses, among others)


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Sanchez-Pescador R Power M D Barr P J et al. Nucleotide Sequence

and Expression of an AIDS-Associated Retrovirus (ARV-2)

Science 227:484-492,1985.

Ratner L Haseltine W Patarca R et al. Complete Nucleotide Sequence

of the AIDS Virus, HTLV III

Nature 313:227-284,1985. (The authors including RC

Gallo demonstrate the relationship of AIDS to BLV)

Van Der Maaten M J and Miller J M Serological Evidence of

Transmission of Bovine Leukemia Virus to Chimpanzees

Veterinary Microbiology 1:351-357,1976.



Alizon M and Montagnier L Lymphadenopathy/AIDS Virus: Genetic

Organization and Relationship to Animal Lentiviruses

Anticancer Research 6:403-412,1986.

Sonigo P Alizon M Staskus K et al. Nucleotide Sequence of the Visna

Virus: Relationship to the AIDS Virus

Cell 42:369-382,1985.

Gonda M A Wong-Staal F Gallo R C et al. Sequence Homology and

Morphologic Similarity of HTLV-III and Visna Virus, a

Pathogenic Lentivirus

Science 227:173-177,1985.

Essex M McLane M F Lee T H et al. Antibodies to Cell Membrane

Antigens Associated With Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus in

Patients with AIDS

Science 220:859-862,1983.



Gonda M A Molecular Genetics and Structure of the Human

Immunodeficiency Virus

J Electron Micro 8:17-40,1988.

Gonda M A Braun M J Carter S G et al. Characterization and Molecular

Cloning of a Bovine Lentivirus Related to Human

Immunodeficiency Virus

Nature 330:388-391,1987. (Relationship of AIDS to BVV –

its “closest relative”)

Grote J Bovine Visna Virus and the Origin of HIV

British Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine


Strecker R B AIDS Virus Infection

British Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 79:559-

560,1986. (First article in print to address how the

AIDS virus was manufactured).

Seale J Origins of the AIDS Viruses, HIV-I and HIV-2:Fact or

Fiction? Discussion Paper

British Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 81:617-



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Mims C A Vertical Transmission Of Viruses

Microbiological Reviews 45:267-286,1981. (States that

an “alleged bovine visna virus” is contaminating fetal

calf serum – thereby implicating all tissue cultures of

the world as possible source for AIDS)

Boothe A D and Van Der Maaten M J Ultrastructural Studies Of a

Visna-Like Syncytia-producing Virus from Cattle with

Lymphocytosis J Virology 13:197-204,1974. (Demonstrates

the morphology of BVV as being identical to AIDS)

Georgiades J A Billiau A and Vanderschueren Infection of Human Cell

Cultures with Bovine Visna Virus

J. Genn. Virology 38:375-381,1978. (Demonstrates the

growth of BVV in human malignant tissue, and suggests

that BVV may be a cause of either a malignant or slow

virus disease in man)

McClure H M Keeling M E Custer R P et al. Erythroleukemia in Two

Infant chimps fed milk from cows Naturally Infected with

the Bovine C-Type Virus

Cancer Research 34:2745-2757,1974. (Demonstrates the

development of AIDS in two chimps fed cow virus orally

in 1974. The Chimps Died of Pneumocystis carinii

pneumonia. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia had not been

reported in chimpanzees up to this time)

Note: See article above by Van Der Maaten and Miller on the

transmission bovine leukemia virus to chimpanzees in 1976

Mulder C Human AIDS Virus Not From Monkeys

Nature 333:396,1988.

Penny D Origin of the AIDS virus.

Nature 333:494-495,1988.

Parks, W P Gilden R V Bykovsky A F et al. Mason-Pfizer Virus

Characterization: A Similar Virus in a Human Amniotic

Cell Line

J Virology 12:1540-1547,1973.

Grantham R and Perrin P AIDS Virus and HTLV I Differ in Codon


Nature 319:727-728,1986.

Wain-Hobson S Sonigo P Danos O et al. Nucleotide Sequence of the


Cell 40:9-17,1985.




Rapp U R Goldsborough M D Mark C E et al. Structure and Biological

Activity of v-raf, a Unique Oncogene Transduced by a


Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 80:4218-4222,1983.

Rapp U R and Todaro G J Generation of Oncogenic Mouse Type C

Viruses: In Vitro Selection of Carcinoma-inducing


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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 77:624-628,1980.

Rapp U R and Todaro G J Generation of Oncogenic Type C Viruses:

Rapidly Leukemogenic Viruses Derived from C3H Cells in

Vivo and in vitro

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 75:2468-2472,1978.

Rapp U R and Todaro G J Generation of New Mouse Sarcoma Viruses in

Cell Culture

Science 201:821-824,1978.

Tsichlis P N Conklin K F and Coffin J M Mutant and Recombinant

Avian Retroviruses with Extended Host Range

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 77:536-540,1980.

Rasheed S Gardner M B and Huebner R J In Vitro Isolation of Stable

Rat Sarcoma Viruses

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 75:2972-2976,1978.




Coffin J M Structure, Replication, and Recombination of Retrovirus

Genomes: Some Unifying Hypotheses Review Article

J. Gen. Virology 42:1-26,1979.

Hunter E The Mechanism for Genetic Recombination in the Avian

Retroviruses Current Topics in

Micro. and Immun. 79:295-309,1978.

Blair D G Genetic Recombinatioon Between Avian Leukosis and Sarcoma

Viruses. Experimental Variables and the Frequencies of

Recombination Virology 77:534-544,1977.

Wang L H Duesberg P H Mellon P et al. Distribution of Envelope-

specific and Sarcoma-specific Nucleotide Sequences from

Different Parents in the RNAs of Avian Tumor Virus


Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 73:1073-1077,1976.

Duesberg P Vogt P K Beemon K et al. Avian RNA Tumor Viruses:

Mechanism of Recombination and Complexity of the Genome

Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quantitative Biology 39:847-


Wang L Duesberg P Kawai S et al. Location of Envelope-specific and

Sarcoma-specific Oligonucleotides on Rna of Schmidt-

Tuppin Rous Sarcoma Virus

Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 73:447-451,1978.

Junghans R P Boone L R Skalka A M Retroviral DNA H Structures:

Displacement-Assimilation Model of Recombination

Cell 30:53-62,1982.

Iorio A M Barzi A Merletti P R et al. A Viral Immunodepressive

Factor Associated With Experimental Mouse Tumors Cancer

Research 36:3851-3853,1976. (This paper establishes

beyond any reasonable doubt the relationship between the

intentional production of viruses capable of

Page 6





immunodepression and the “REQUEST” for the production of

the AIDS virus in Bull. WHO 47:257-263,1972. See

references and the Bonnard, Manders, and Campbell paper

above under PRODUCTION.)