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4 Archeology Headlines in Early August 2009

From an old form of execution to the discovery of an impressive artifact in the Old City of Jerusalem, a wide range of archeology headlines have surfaced during the early part of August 2009. In this article, you will encounter four interesting finds that have taken place all over the world, including Switzerland, Bulgaria, and Italy.

An Old Form of Execution Discovered

Archeologists in Switzerland have uncovered a gibbet, where the remains of executed criminals were hung and put on display. The remains of at least 20 people have been found at the location. Relying on maps that date back to the 1800s, researchers have always suspected the presence of a gallows at one time. However, the question as to whether or not any remains would be found was still unanswered”¦until now.

Locating such an artifact is an unusual find stated the head of the Division of Urban, Church, and Castle Archaeology in the Canton of Bern , Armond Baeriswil. Offering a peek into the past of the Middle Ages, the gibbet served the purpose of deterring locals from committing crimes. This particular find last makes an appearance in records in 1817.

Ritual Cup Located in Old City of Jerusalem

Dating back 2,000 years, archeologists hailing from the United States have uncovered a highly prized limestone cup with an inscription showcasing 10 lines of the Aramaic or Hebrew language. Found close to Zion Gate, the cup represents an artifact that was quite common in the past. The cups were often used by priests who inhabited the region, but usually offered only one line of text, if any. Therefore, finding a cup with 10 lines is an extremely rare occasion.

The Discovery of an Ancient Port in Kerala?

Archeologists are putting the pieces together to a puzzle that may point to the discovery of an ancient port in Kerala that was mentioned in a variety of Indian and Greek texts. With hopes of finding the ancient trade hub of Muziris, the Indian Ocean site of Pattanam in the southwestern part of India has given researchers clue, including a wooden canoe and 2,000-year-old brick wharf. Other discoveries include spices, rice and pottery originating from Italy, Egypt, and Mesopotamia.

A Royal Find

In the medieval capital, Veliko Turnovo (in Bulgaria), the tomb of a princess has been discovered, which was buried in the courtyard of the St Peter and Pavel church. Two archeologists working on the project believe that the grave dates back to the 14th century or earlier , probably during the reign of tsar Ivan Assen II. Wearing clothing trimmed with golden ribbon, eye-catching jewelry, gold ring, earrings, and pins made out of silver and gold , there was no doubt that she was a member of royalty. Since excavating the site, archeologists have also uncovered more than 100 artifacts , many of which were made out of gold. After the restoration of all items is complete, an exhibit will take place in autumn 2009 at the history museum located in town.