Old Testament Summaries: Book of Isaiah

Written between 701 and 681 BC, the Book of Isaiah is associated with the prophet who ministered at least 40 years and saw the reign of four different kings of Judah. In the Old Testament, his book of prophecies keeps a record of grim warnings regarding the future judgment of disobedient people. The book also presents promises of a coming redemption and salvation meant for all humankind. In this article, you will learn more about the Book of Isaiah.

In the very beginning, the author of the Book of Isaiah is established as the Prophet Isaiah, who wrote the text to forecast prophecies onto the Kingdom of Judah. At the time, Judah was undergoing a wave of change that roller-coastered between periods of revival and times of rebellion. The kingdom had to deal with the threat of destruction from Assyria and Egypt. However, God’s mercy spared the kingdom from being destroyed. It is then that Isaiah declared the word of repentance from sin and gave hope in the expectation that God would deliver humankind in the future.

In the Book of Isaiah, God’s judgment and salvation is presented. Since God is holy, he cannot permit sin to go unpunished. Isaiah goes onto to describe God’s future judgment as a “consuming fire.” However, Isaiah recognized that God is full of mercy, grace, and compassion. However, Judah and Israel (both nations of Israel) are both blind and deaf to the commands of God. Judah is in the path of destruction, yet Isaiah states that God will not allow the complete destruction of the land. He will bring forgiveness, restoration, and healing to the people.

Out of all the books in the Old Testament, Isaiah concentrates on the salvation that will come through the Messiah, who will one day rule in justice and righteousness. The reign of the Messiah will bring peace and safety to Israel, but with his guidance and help ”“ Israel will become a light to all other nations.

Verses that highlight the themes of the Book of Isaiah include:

“Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, ”˜Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?’ And I said, ”˜Here am I. Send me!'” (Isaiah 6:8)

“Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.” (Isaiah 7:14)

“But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.” (Isaiah 53:5-6)

“The wolf and the lamb will feed together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox, but dust will be the serpent’s food. They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, says the LORD.” (Isaiah 65:25)