Summary of Books of the Old Testament: 4- 6

Book of Numbers

In the Book of Numbers, significant historical information is highlighted, which focuses on the route that the Israelites took out of Egypt. The encampments that they set up along the way to the Promised Land are mentioned. When reading Numbers, you will encounter the numbering of the Israelites, details regarding the journey from Sinai to Moab, and the rebellion of the Jewish people.

The majority of events discussed in the Book of Numbers take place in the wilderness , detailing the wandering of the Israelites between the second and fortieth years. In the first 25 chapters, you will learn of the experiences of the first generation of Israel as they traveled in the wilderness. The rest of the Book chronicles the experiences associated with the second generation. Some of the themes touched upon in the writings include obedience, rebellion, repentance and blessings.

Book of Deuteronomy

Moses wrote the Book of Deuteronomy, where he gives instruction and guidance to the Israelites shortly before his death. There are 34 chapters in this fifth book of the Old Testament. The main theme of Deuteronomy deals with the covenant between God and the Israelites. Moses gives direction to keep the commandments because you love God, which makes a reference to the ‘heart of the covenant.’ He gives a speech that repeats the Ten Commandments.

From chapters 1 to 4, the first address that is made includes the historic events during the Israelites’; forty years in the wilderness. You will find in the book, the laws and guidelines that were set for the Israelites , the conduct they should follow while in Canaan , the Promised Land. By the end of Deuteronomy, Moses enters a state of preparation for his death and appoints Joshua as his successor.

In the book, the word ‘command’ is used more than 100 times. when reading the book, you will find that it reads much like a sermon , this is distinction that sets it apart from other parts of the Torah. Other highlights of the book include the Song of Moses found in chapter 32 and Moses Blessing found in chapter 33.
Book of Joshua

Moses is known as the man responsible for leading the people of Israel out of Egyptian captivity. When he dies, Joshua was appointed to continue where he left off. Joshua is now seen as the new leader. The first chapters of the book highlight the conquest of Canaan, which continues up to the twelfth chapter. From chapter 13 to 22, the allotment of the land to the twelve tribes is described. The final two chapters are spent sharing the farewell speeches of Joshua.