Lot’s of world maps have been drawn before the standard world map we use today. Some versions contained information that historians today believe was unknown at the time these maps were drawn. For example the continent Antarctica wasn’t discovered until 1818 but it has been drawn on some older maps, such as one made by Ptolemy and the Piri Re’is map. The later one was found in Constantinople at the Imperial Palace in 1929 AD. While this map dates from 1513 AD, it is known that Piri Re’is, the Turkish admiral who drew this map collected information from maps drawn in the time of Alexander the Great. This presents us with a great mystery: how is it possible that Antarctica was drawn on this old map? We will examine more precisely this map and search for explanations with the information available to us.
On it, we can see Europe (including France, and Spain), the West coast of Africa and the Americas. South America is connected to what it is said to be Antarctica (in the South of the map). Piri Re’is didn’t draw this map from scratch but from older maps. It is possible that the lack of accuracy in certain areas of this map (for example the absence of the Drake Passage between South America and Antarctica) comes from the mix of the different maps used by Piri Re’is. The annotations describe Antarctica as a hot country with monsters and giant snakes. Charles H. Hapgood’s book “Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings” is a study of antique maps. In it he describes an ancient civilization, which explored the oceans and discovered Antarctica before our modern civilization. He also explains that at this time the Earth wasn’t tilted at the same degree as it is today which meant that Antarctica had been a much warmer region located near the equator.
The map describes, with a very good accuracy, the cost line of Americas and Antarctica under the ice (the NASA studied the map and made change to their own ones!). This is a great mystery, there is two possible explanations: in ancient time the Antarctica was not under the ice or the people was able to calculate the cost line even under the ice. We will examine the first one. There are several explanations possible. One interesting is the one used by Hapgood who said that the Earth was not tilted the same way as it is today. He is not the only one who said this and there is a lot of proof of this kind of change (change in the magnetic field in rocks and the ice age in Europe). If we consider that the Antarctica was then near the Equator, then its climate would be hot and the ice not there. It could happen during the ice age (10000 years ago), because then the Europe could be on the pole (due to the change of axis) at this time and so be under ice. Immanuel Velikovsky who wrote “World in Collision” explains this theory and said it was due the passage of Venus near the Earth, which then tilted. It is interesting also to note that the mammoths become frozen very quickly at this time. Furthermore, the map talks about people who lived in this continent. Maybe they were an advanced civilization or enough advanced to navigate through the Ocean and could draw the map of the world. The Earth have then titled to be as it is today and the Ancient civilization could have been wiped out, it is why we don’t have any tracks of it. Furthermore, actually we are not able to really search for civilization under the ice of Antarctica so the mystery is still there.