Vedic Astrology: Mercury, Saturn and Mars

In Vedic astrology, Mercury is a neutral planet and isn’t attached to any sex. Since the planet is neutral, it has a knack for changing according to its placement in a sign and house. Being closest to the Sun, the planet is often restless, which can cause individuals linked to Mercury to quick to change and fickle in their decision-making. This article will further Mercury and also touch upon Saturn and Mars.


In some circles, it is said that Mercury is the son of the Moon that he had with his wife Rohini. Other story linked to the existence of the planet involves the Brahaspati’s (Jupiter’s) wife Tara by the Moon, which is believed to have produced the Buddha. The child is called Saumya (which translates into ‘Son of Soma (Moon)”. It was Buddha who was responsible for the lunar race. Since the Moon was his father, he was friendly toward him. However, Mercury is aware that he is the son of Jupiter’s wife and feels conflicted with the Moon because he seduced his mother.

Mercury is the ruler of education, writers, lecturers, artists, teachers, traders, and businessmen. It is also associated with intelligence, speech, humor, wit, mathematics, and astrology. The planet loves being in the company of people who well versed in education. Mercury is additionally linked to Wednesdays, emerald, and the number 5 in Indian numerology.


In Sanskrit, Saturn is referred to Shani (or Shanaishchara) , the slow mover , because it takes the planet around 2 ½ years or more to pass through each constellation of the sidereal zodiac. Some tales state that Shani was born to the solar deity Rudra, while others believe the planet was the son of the Sun god with his wife Chaya (shadow). Characteristics associated with Saturn include cold and dry, and described as being lethargic. Overall, the planet is seen as ‘elderly’.

When Saturn occupies a house, the planet destroys it with the exception of positioning in the seventh house, which is where it receives directional strength. When the planet is well placed in a chart, an individual may benefit from wisdom, fame, patience, long life, spirituality, sincerity, honesty, and authority. They may gain the ability to lead and a respect for justice. Awareness for right and wrong is also associated with Saturn. However, when badly positioned, the planet can bring sorrow, obstruction, disappointment, dejection, difficulties, disputes, and misery.

Other associations of Saturn include Saturday, the color black, and the blue sapphire. The planet is associated with number 8 in Indian numerology.


When it comes to assembling all the nine planets, Mars is often referred to as the ‘commander-in-chief’ and just like Greek mythology, is personified as the god of war. Mars is a warrior by nature and is the ruler of courage, bravery, patience, and self-confidence. Leadership abilities are attributed to Mars. The planet’s influence makes people short-tempered, ready for an argument, but also proficient in technical and mechanical matters. Because of a love of weapons, Mars is often associated with policemen, generals, soldiers, and commanders.

The planet is also linked to law and order. Individuals may seek energy, strong administrative skills, independence, determination, and a strong sense of purpose through Mars. Coral is the gemstone linked to Mars. The planet also rules the number 9 in Indian numerology.