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Non Linear Magnetic Effects Weapons

NON-LINEAR ELECTROMAGNETIC EFFECTS WEAPONS:

IN THE CONTEXT OF SCIENCE & ECONOMY

——————————————-

by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.

Milan, Dec. 1, 1987

(written version–may diverge from delivered address)

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CONFERENCE NOTE: Sixty-five-year-old economist LYNDON H. LA

ROUCHE, JR. is a candidate for the 1988

presidential nomination of the Democratic Party

(U.S.A.).

He is best known in military science for his

leading international role, during 1982 and early

1983, in proposing a western global strategic

ballistic missile defense based upon “new physical

principles.”

================================================================

During the past two years, there has been increasing attention

to the imminently dominant role of new types of electromagnetic-

pulse weapons as strategic and tactical assault weapons of general

warfare.

Unfortunately, most of this discussion has been listed under

the somewhat misleading title of “radio-frequency weapons,” a name

carried over from earlier years discussions of more primitive forms

of electronic warfare.

One of our greatest difficulties in explaining these new

dimensions of warfare, is the popularity of the old opinion, that

microwaves might impair or destroy living tissues by inductive

heating.

Unquestionably, microwaves can do this, but we are speaking of

lethal and other special effects achieved by a deposit of energy on

target even several orders of magnitude less than required to cook

that tissue to death.

The new class of electromagnetic-pulse weaponry has other

military applications, in addition to uses as strategic and tactical

anti-personnel assault-weapons. Missions for non-organic targets

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include increasingly sophisticated methods for rendering equipment

inoperative or dysfunctional; they include efficient means for

disrupting the structure of materials.

However, general policy for the field as a whole can be fairly

discussed by limiting our attention to the case of strategic and

tactical anti-personnel assault weapons.

——————————————————————–

A Branch of Optical Biophysics

——————————

It is singularly appropriate that a discussion of this field

should occur in Milan, since it was here that the science of optical

biophysics was born about five hundred years ago, as an outgrowth of

the collaboration between Fra Luca Pacioli and Leonardo da Vinci.

It is also to be stressed, that the founding of modern physical

science and biology, by that collaboration, was the outgrowth of the

pioneering work in establishing the methods of physical science by

the great Cardinal Nicolaus of Cusa, the Cusa whose writings served

as the starting-point for the collaboration of Pacioli and Cusa.

The connection between the work of Cusa and of Pacioli and

Leonardo, places modern optical biophysics and its military and

other applications into the proper historical-scientific

perspective.

In was in the context of the Council of Florence that Cusa

published his famous <De Docta Ignorantia>, within which is located

the most fundamental principle of modern physical science, what is

called today the principle of physical least action.

In <De Docta Ignorantia> physical least action is introduced to

us as a “Maximum Minimum Principle,” as the notion modern physics

associates with the “isoperimetric theorem” of topology as well as

Leibniz’s principle of physical least action. It was on this basis

that Cusa became the first modern figure of science to show why the

solar hypothesis was necessary, and out of which the foundations of

modern relativistic physics were elaborated.

The following points situate our subject-matter historically.

Working from Cusa’s principle of physical least action, Pacioli

reconstructed the proof that the five platonic solids are the limit

of construction of regular polyhedra in euclidean space.

This proof, as later enriched by Leonhard Euler and others,

shows that the construction of the Golden Section is a limiting

value for construction of intelligible representation of forms in

euclidean space.

Pacioli and his collaborators added a discovery which remains

confirmed in full today, that between the limits of the very large

and the very small, the difference between living and non-living

forms is that all healthy living processes are harmonically ordered

morphologically in a manner congruent with the Golden Section.

 

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Johannes Kepler applied that principle to the very large, to

demonstrate that the fundamental laws of astrophysics are congruent

with the Golden Section.

In other words, the fundamental laws of physics are to be

adduced as reflections of the curvature of physical space-time

reflected in the limiting value of the Golden Section.

Carl Gauss and his successors reworked Kepler’s physics from a

more advanced standpoint, and that new physics of Gauss, Riemann,

and others found a home among such leading scientists of nineteenth-

century Italy as the great Betti and Beltrami, from which the great

Italian school of electrohydrodynamics and aeronautics emerged to

revive the heritage of Leonardo da Vinci in this field.

Today, with aid of application of modern high-energy physics to

the phenomena of what are called “force free” states of plasmas, we

show that the Kepler-Gauss-Riemann curvature for astrophysics is the

curvature of physical space-time on the sub-atomic scale.

Work is currently in progress, with some preliminary success,

to show that the ordering of the periodic table and the crystalline

and other physical characteristics associated with each element of

that table, is determined by synthetic methods coherent with the

Kepler-Gauss-Riemann notion of the curvature of physical space-time.

If astrophysics, microphysics, and biophysics are each and all

determined by such a common curvature of physical space-time, then

we know several things of great practical importance from this fact

alone.

First, we know that all of these processes are elementarily

non-linear, in the sense that the progress of physics through Gauss,

Riemann, and Beltrami implies. We also know which popular axiomatic

sorts of ontological assumptions in physics and biology today must

be discarded, if we are to render intelligible the elementary

actions and principles which govern the the sub-atomic and

astrophysical roots of these non-linear processes’ behavior on the

macro-scale of applications.

My own approach to these matters has proceeded from the

standpoint of my successful discoveries in my own profession, in the

field which Liebniz defined and established as <physical economy>.

A brief description of my contributions to the science of

economy will render more accessible the connection between science

and economy, which I report to you today.

My entry into economic science started approximately forty

years ago, as a product of my angered reaction to the notion of

“information theory” then being popularized by Professor Norbert

Wiener and others.

Wiener, as many of you know, attempted to explain <human

intelligence> from the standpoint of the statistical gas theory of

the Professor Ludwig Boltzmann who died in 1901, allegedly of

suicide, at Duino castle.

Since I had been a student of Leibniz since early adolsecence,

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and an opponent of Immanuel Kant from Leibniz’s standpoint, I

recognized immediately the nature of Professor Wiener’s folly. I

chose the subject of the impact of scientific discovery upon

productivity of labor as the empirical standpoint in which to

situate my refutation of Wiener.

Hence, I was able to show how, contrary to Kant, human creative

mentation could be given an intelligible representation, and to show

in what terms productivity might be measured, such that the

correlation between rates of technological progress and rates of

increase of potential productivity could be measured and predicted.

In order to supply a mathematical representation of this

function I had defined, I turned to the work of Bernhard Riemann.

Hence, the method I have contributed to the work of economic science

is known as the LaRouche-Riemann method.

It is more or less known that the scientific work of Cusa,

Pacioli, Leonardo, Kepler, Leibniz, Monge, Gauss, and Riemann, among

others, is situated within the methods of what is called synthetic

geometry, as opposed to the axiomatic-deductive methods commonly

popular among professionals today.

The method of Gauss and Riemann, in which elementary physical

least action is represented by the conic form of self-similar-spiral

action, is merely a further perfection of the synthetic method based

upon circular least action, employed by Cusa, Leonardo, Kepler, and

so forth.

It is from the standpoint of Gauss-Riemann, that we know that

the elementary existence of physical least action, ontologically, in

the complex domain, is reflected necessarily as the metrical

characteristic of Golden Section harmonics upon the apparent domain

of the discrete manifold.

This indicates that Gauss did not overturn the earlier work of

Cusa, et al., but merely completed it, giving it a more adequate

representation. From that vantage-point, we are able to move

backward and forward in the history of physical science and biology,

to correlate the work of earlier scientists with the elaboration of

the complex domain by Gauss, Riemann, et al., during the nineteenth

century.

It is feasible, from this standpoint, to restate propositions

in the language of axiomatic-deductive methods into the language of

the Gauss-Riemann domain.

In this way, it is feasible to show rather directly, that

creative mentation, as typified by valid fundamental scientific

discoveries, is not only non-linear, but belongs to a domain whose

curvature is the same as that for a Kepler-Gauss-Riemann physical

and biological domain.

Empirical studies also show, that continuous technological

progress causes the introduction of discontinuities (“non-

linearities”) to any attempt at a linear representation of an

economic process.

There is an analogous, but harmonically different sort of

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ordered succession of discontinuities in a devolutionary process;

the upward course simulates the harmonic ordering of a living

process, the downward course, an inorganic one, both in the sense

famously stipulated by Kepler in his paper on the snowflake.

So, I changed the definition of the terms “entropy” and

“negative entropy,” from the statistical definition employed by

Wiener. “Negative entropy” or “negentropy” I supplied a synthetic,

rather than a deductive definition, as akin to Pacioli’s definition

of the characteristic ordering of living processes.

I divided the two kinds of process-directions, negentropy and

entropy, as Kepler did in his snowflake paper.

As any physical economist must, who follows in the footsteps

of Leibniz, I focussed my work chiefly on the subject of technology.

The principal question posed to the specialist in technology of

physical economy, is to establish metrical parameters which

correlate advances in scientific principle with advances in the

applied technology derived from such scientific principle.

If we define the elementary notions of “energy” in the non-

linear way Riemannian physics demands, rather than the popular

scalar notions, all statements in physics can be cast in the form of

statements of energetics defined in that non-linear way.

In this mode, statements of physical principle become usable as

statements defining technological progress in the functional terms

required by economic science.

Hence, my interests in biology and physics generally have been

restricted to those matters in which these characteristics are

foremost. I have been concerned with those developments in biology

which correlate with my knowledge of the characteristics of creative

mentation, and with those matters of physics which are crucial for

significant technological advances in the productivity of labor.

For this reason, my work in fields of technology significant

for military applications has emphasized the method of achieving

efficient spill-over of these technologies into the domain of

civilian economy.

My encounter with the modern optical biophysics of non-linear

spectroscopy of living processes was a direct by-product of my

preoccupation with the intelligible representation of the form of

creative mental processes.

It was clear that human memory, for example, is a holographic

sort of non-linear function, rather than digital linear one. It was

important to me, as an economist, to determine how the requirements

of nutrition and other physiological constraints must be seen as a

matter of social and economic policy, for the purpose of fostering

potential creativity among professionals and operatives.

It is important, therefore, to correlate the characteristics of

creative mental activity with the biological processes upon which

mental activity is grounded.

 

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For that reason, it is those aspects of biological processes

which have the same general characteristics as creative mental

activity which were of greatest interest. Work in non-linear

spectroscopy provided a view of the elementary characteristics of

cellular and sub-cellular life which was uniquely in correspondence

with the characteristics of creative mental activity.

How could it be different than that? The curvature of

astrophysical, microphysical, and biophysical space-time are the

same as the curvature of creative mental processes. This arrangement

is most convenient for us all, since if the curvature of our mental

creative processes were different than that of the universe in which

we live, our universe could not be intelligible for mankind.

It should be noted that Leonardo da Vinci understood matters in

these same terms, as we may recall from his emphatic defense of the

principle of hypothesis.

If we understand the way in which the self-bounding curvature

of our universe underlies all correct notions of elementary physical

laws, our power to discover with increasing perfection of knowledge

is limited only by the adequacy of our understanding of both the

correct curvature and its implications.

On this point, as many others, modern evidence shows us that

Leonardo was correct, and his critics crippled by their own error.

The modern view of biophysics today, is that the harmonic

ordering of non-linear electromagnetic processes is the physical

characteristic of living processes, and that biochemical reactions

are subsumed by this electromagnetic ordering.

Moreover, this shows us that biological processes are not

properly defined in any away within the set of ontological

assumptions associated with either a Cartesian or any sort of a neo-

Cartesian discrete manifold.

Modern biology turns our eyes to those aspects of astrophysical

phenomena, in which the process as a whole must be comprehended in

terms of included effects occurring at speeds greater than the speed

of light; there is there, as in the remarkable electromagnetic

coordination of tissues, a coherence of the process which defies the

notion of propagation of action between particles at distance.

In biological processes, these integrative features of the

electromagnetic field are among the most interesting phenomena.

This knowledge of modern biophysics leads us in two directions.

We derive from modern, electromagnetic studies of optical

biophysics, knowledge of new practicable principles, by means of

which life may either be more readily disrupted, or assisted.

The degree of refinement of technique, by means of which living

processes might be maliciously affected, enables us to accomplish

such effects by a small fraction of the energy deposited to produce

thermal effects.

Conversely, the potential to improve, to heal, is similarly

increased. The knowledge gained in the one application, is, for

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better or for worse, inseparable from the other.

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As Weapons Systems

——————

For rather obvious reasons, including my desire that these

techniques remain out of the hands of terrorists, I shall not go

publicly into the technical details of this matter, except to say

that today nations have access to means by which either hordes of

locusts or large concentrations of human populations could be killed

or otherwise neutralized by use of a single weapon of this type.

The prototypes of the beam-generators exist. The power-sources

adequate for this exist either off the shelf or as prototypes. With

improvements in higher temperature superconducting materials, and

use of such electrodes for gyratrons for example, strategic weapons

of this class are in reach.

The computers need to guide the propagation of the pulses are

rather readily available with reasonable effort to develop

dedicated-application modules of the required type. The appropriate

wave-guides are a matter of ingenuity applied to a known field.

The conveyances suited for the deployment of such assault

weaponry exist, and more suitable conveyances rather readily

designed and produced.

In short, strategic anti-personnel assault weapons as effective

in their way as thermonuclear weapons, are an imminent potential.

Moreover, such strategic weapons are more readily deployed, and with

fewer constraints upon their use, than the thermonuclear weapons

they could often replace.

Apart from the direct use of such technologies for military

purposes as obvious as that, the same technology is the basis for

special applications producing global effects upon much of the

earth’s biosphere, or some local part of it.

All of the most interesting effects are characteristically non-

linear, rather than being the kinds of actions, such as thermal

effects, we associate with the electrodynamics of the cartesian

discrete manifold.

There is no prospect of putting such potentials back into a

bottle, to lock them away from military uses.

The Soviets have long been dedicated to such weaponry, and have

the scientific capability of developing and producing them today.

How rapidly they might produce such systems in strategically

significant numbers, is another question. However, we note that

there are currently occurring very significant changes in the Soviet

military order of battle, changes which correlate with the early

deployment of significant numbers of weapons of this general class.

We should also note, that the Soviet military has been

dedicated to developing a global strategic ballistic missile defense

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system–its own SDI–for about twenty-five years, and has been

developing such a system for deployment over the period of

approximately seventeen years to date.

During the first half of the 1990s, the Soviets will deploy

their own version of the U.S. SDI. The technological base required

for the Soviet version of the SDI it is preparing to deploy, is an

adequate base for developing and producing the kinds of

electromagnetic assault weapons we are considering today.

These new types are weapons are here, to all intents and

purposes. There are only two classes of nations which will not soon

deploy them: those which are already subjugated by Moscow, or about

to become subjugated. We shall develop them as rapidly as possible,

because we have no rational choice but to do so.

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The Economics of These Weapons

——————————

There are some who will argue, that the present international

financial collapse is leading us into a new global depression, worse

than that of the 1930s.

The financial collapse is now unstoppable; tens of trillions of

dollars of financial paper will be wiped out before the Spring of

1989, and there is no means on Earth to prevent this from occurring.

However, this financial crash need not lead into an economic

depression, if the government of the United States comes to its

senses during the months immediately ahead.

Some will argue, that because of the budget-cuts and other

depressive effects of the financial crash, the U.S. SDI will be

stopped, and no new technological breakthroughs launched.

To that I respond, as I have done in my remarks to a Paris

conference, that often it is the case that only a profound crisis

permits the unleashing of sweeping improvements in policy, including

the unleashing of new scientific and technological revolutions.

As long as leading institutions are complacently content with

current policies, they are unlikely to change those habits. It is

when a profound crisis brings the smug and complacent to their

knees, crying, “Save us!” that overdue advances are permitted to

occur.

If we come to our senses, and rid ourselves of the habits which

have created the great financial bubble now collapsing upon us, if

we return, in despair of any other course, to a policy of promoting

technological progress in a capital-intensive and energy-intensive

mode, the present crisis were more likely to accelerate the kinds of

technological changes I indicate, than to delay them.

Despite the increasing erosion of scientific and related

machine-tool capabilities during the past twenty years of “post-

industrial drift,” we have accumulated a vast store of new, unused

technologies ready for immediate application.

 

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During this same time, we have entered into new dimensions of

scientific research, from which can pour the greatest advance in

human productivity ever known over the decades immediately ahead.

Vis-a-vis the Soviet empire, we of the West have certain

inherent strategic advantages, among which is the fact that the

potential for productivity in the OECD nations is approximately

twice that in the Soviet empire. The OECD nations have twice the

population of the Russian empire.

Our population has twice the productive potential of that of

the Russian empire, if we but employ it properly. In addition, there

are 350 millions in Ibero-America, predominantly members of our

Western European culture, and with similar productive potentials. We

have seas of population among our friends in Africa and non-

communist Asia.

Together we represent the overwhelming majority of the land-

area, maritime choke-points, and population of this planet.

Our greatest advantage is that which Moscow hates most bitterly

of all, as it has since muscovy was first founded against a

counterforce against Roman missionaries such as Cyril and Methodius.

We have the gift of <agape> (prounounced ah-gah-pay), as the

New Testament apostles named it in their Greek, the law and

commandment that we must love God and our neighbor as ourselves.

This <agape> is the emotion of love of God, love of mankind,

love of truth, and love of classical beauty. It is also the quality

which permeates and motivates creative thinking.

For reason of the idea of the nature of God, the human

individual, and all else, which is the precious heritage of our

civilization, we have been given the greatest potential for

generation and assimilation of scientific and related progress of

any culture.

This gift is not a property of our race, but something which,

with <agape>, we are properly destined to preserve and to share with

all humanity. This gift is also the means by which we may acquire

all the power we need to defend that <agape> for our nations and for

humanity as a whole.

Our people have the cultural potential to generate and to

assimilate technological progress at the greatest rate possible

among all mankind.

It is not only a means of power; it is our nature to order our

affairs in such a way that the creative powers of the individual

human mind are the quality with which we embed all our practice.

It is the duty and the privilege of the leaders of our nations

to foster the education, the conditions of family life, and

opportunities for labor, which are consistent with that principle.

The fostering of the increase of the average productive powers

of labor, to the benefit of all mankind, is the proper

characteristic of man’s labor.

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We must choose this course not merely because the very

existence of our civilization is menaced from the east today.

Rather, it is the enormity of the crisis which impels us to resume

a policy from which we should never have departed.

It is the looming tragedy, threatening the existence of our

civilization which obliges us to affirm those policies of practice

which are the most natural way of life for our culture.

Without overlooking the ominous threat from the East, let us

define the task before us, in Milan today, as the rebuilding of

Italy, as part of the rebuilding of Europe, and of continuing the

proper mission of western european culture to the benefit of all

mankind.

Let us situate the employment of these new technologies within

the economic task of rebuilding Italy as Betti and Beltrami, and

Leonardo da Vinci before them, would have preferred we do.

Let us assume that we are committed to large-scale capital

improvements in the basic economic infrastructure of Italy. In that

case, we may assume that the preconditions for capital improvement

and growth of the nation’s agriculture and industry are being

satisfied.

Under those conditions, what Italy must do is similar in a

general way to what I must do, if I become the next President, in

the United States, and what must be done throughout western Europe.

However, let us situate what must be done in Italy itself in

relationship to the SDI and the new technologies under discussion

here today.

The crux of industrial development of Italy is the efficient

coordination of precious handfuls of scientists and machine-tool

enterprises with the complex of larger enterprises which are the

centers of industrial production. Let us begin with the special

relationship between scientific teams and the machine-tool

enterprises.

In the physics department of a well-organized university there

is a special sort of machine-tool shop.

A scientist has devised an experimental hypothesis, perhaps a

test of some crucial scientific principle.

The scientist works with the university’s machine-tool

facility, to create his experimental apparatus. Once a new principle

has been established in that way, the same scientist is situated to

take the fruits of his work to a machine-tool facility, which will

translate the discovery into a new technology made available to

industry.

If industry has available adequate flows of investment-capital,

retained earnings, and credit at reasonably low prices, and if

investment tax-credits are designed to encourage such investments,

industries will tend to gobble up new technologies produced, even

almost as rapidly as they are available.

 

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The integration of those combined efforts, of research, of

development of improved technologies in the machine-tool sector, and

improved productive capital for industry, is the triadic form of

optimal organization of technological industrial progress and

growth.

The popular opinion of opposition to this course of actions

comes largely from those who have been infected with the ideology of

“consumerism.”

These misinformed persons imagine falsely, that it is consumer

purchases which generate growth of industry. On the contrary, what

prompts the growth of markets for households’ goods, is the growth

of population and employment.

The most important source of this growth in employment,

agriculture aside, is the combination of capital improvements in

basic economic infrastructure and employment in production of

capital goods.

It is the vertical development of industry which makes possible

its horizontal development; it is chiefly the percentile of

operatives employed in infrastructure and production of capital

goods which enlarge the market for sale of households’ goods.

By basic economic infrastructure, I mean water-mangement,

general transportation, production and distribution of energy, urban

sanitation, and such crucial contributions to the productivity of

labor as education and medical services.

The dynamic of growth is supplied by the increase of the

productivity of agricultural and industrial operatives, and the

transfer of unemployed and marginally employed into employment as

such skilled operatives. The average growth of productivity is the

true margin of real profit of a national economy as a whole.

Since increase of productivity requires improved standards of

life for households, sustained growth and profitability can be

secured in only one way: through sustained technological progress in

capital-intensive and energy-intensive modes of production.

So, whenever we integrate science, machine-tool sectors, and

general industrial investment in the way I have indicated, we have

turned that triadic relationship into s science-driver for raising

the incomes and productivity of the economy as a whole.

Obviously, therefore, the greater the ration of scientists so

employed, the greater the ration of operatives employed in the

machine-tool sector, and the greater the ration of operatives

employed in capital goods production generally, the more prosperous

the economy will become.

Thus, the vertical expansion of the division of labor in

industry, energized by the triadic relationship, yields the highest

potential rates of per-capita improvement of a national economy.

The shrewdest policy for this case, is a commitment to

technological “leapfrogging.” In general, it were wiser for a nation

not to try to compete with foreign industries on existing levels of

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technology in use; instead make a leap ahead of the level of

technology currently practised in foreign nations. The worse the

competitive level of repair of one’s economy, the more urgent such

“leapfrogging” is.

Italy has a dwindling kernel of the quality of scientists and

related advanced machine-tool capabilities in the tradition of Betti

and Italy’s aeronautics industry earlier during this century.

Let us take a number of such diversified technological

capabilities, and group them under a single name:

“electrohydrodynamics.”

That represents the kernel of Italy’s special scientific

potentials. This is a scientific potential well suited to the kinds

of technologies associated with SDI and the new dimensions of non-

linear electromagnetic biophysics and related fields.

Link that to the machine-tool sector, concentrating scarce

resour es along that technological breakthrough front.

Link that to the vertical development of the industrial base

generally.

This has become an obvious road toward applying limited

resources to the effect of fostering the optimal national result.

It must be stressed, that the military application of these

technologies is only a small fraction of their potential. It is

spilling these technologies into the civilian sector as rapidly as

possible, which is the principal source of benefit to the nation as

a whole.

At the same time, it is an intangible, but most powerful

economic benefit to the people of a nation, to associate their

nation with technological achievements of which to take pride before

the world.

If a people says <agape>, finding its manifest national purpose

beautiful in that way, that people is happier, and more productive

for that reason.

It is time for the nations of western european culture to rise

out of the quicksands of cultural pessimism, in which we have been

trapped these past twenty years, to assist one another in achieving

great works worthy of being admired by all humanity, and to rejoice

in such accomplishments by our neighbors.

Today, we are faced with the grim business of continued

strategic conflict. Let us do what we must on the account, but let

us enjoy more the good we acomplish as contributions to the welfare

of mankind in the course of doing our duty to our civilization.

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