Censored Books

 This file shared with KeelyNet courtesy of James Hartman.
       We might additionally  add  that  the  works  of  Dr. Wilhelm Reich,
       discoverer of Orgone Energy, were  publicly  burned  in  the  1950s.
       Reich was additionally thrown in jail for his refusal to discontinue
       the sales of  his  “Orgone  Accumulator” boxes which  collected  the
       ambient orgone energy  for  use  in  curing various diseases.  Reich
       also did experiments in weather modification.  It just shows us that
       despite the belief of many of us  that  knowledge  is  precious  and
       worthy of protection, there are still those who will not hesitate to
       destroy that with which they do not agree, thereby  depriving future
                                  Censored Books

       Responding to the  Meese commission’s official approval of pressure-
       group censorship, Waldenbooks  staged   a   promotion  featuring  52
       volumes that had been “challenged, burned or banned somewhere in the
       United States in the last 15 years.” The titles and  the reasons for
       outrage against these  books  are  so  astounding that we decided to
       publish the complete list.

       THE BASTARD, by John Jakes.
        Removed from Montour (Pennsylvania) High School library, 1976.

       BLOODLINE, by Sidney Sheldon.
        Challenged in  Abingdon, Virginia,  1980;  Elizabethton, Tennessee,

       BRAVE NEW WORLD, by Aldous Huxley.
        Removed from   classroom,   Miller,  Missouri,  1980.    Challenged
        frequently throughout the U.S.

       CARRIE, by Stephen King.
        Considered “trash” that is especially harmful for “younger girls.”
        Challenged by Clark High School library, Las Vegas, Nevada, 1975.
        Placed on  special  closed  shelf  in  Union  High  School library,
        Vergennes, Vermont, 1978.

       THE CATCHER IN THE RYE, by J.D. Salinger.
        Considered “dangerous” because of  vulgarity,  occultism,  violence
        and sexual  content.   Banned  in  Freeport  High School,  DeFuniak
        Springs, Florida,   1985.    Removed   from  Issaquah,  Washington,
        optional high school reading list, 1978; required reading list,

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        Middleville, Michingan,  1979.;  Jackson-Milton  school  libraries,
        North Jackson,   Ohio,  1980;  Anniston,   Alabama,   high   school
        libraries, 1982.  Challenged by Libby (Montana) High School, 1983.

       CATCH-22, by Joseph Heller.
        Considered “dangerous”  because of objectionable language.   Banned
        in Strongsville,  Ohio,  1972  (overturned in 1976).  Challenged by
        Dallas, Texas, Independent School  District  high school libraries,
        1974, Snoqualmie, Washington, 1979.

       THE CLAN OF THE CAVE BEAR, by Jean M. Auel.
        Challenged by numerous public libraries.

       A CLOCKWORK ORANGE, by Anthony Burgess.
        “Objectionable” language.   Removed  from Westport,  Rhode  Island,
        high school   classrooms,   1977;  Aurora,  Colorado,  high  school
        classrooms, 1976; Anniston, Alabama, high school libraries, 1982.

       THE COLOR PURPLE, by Alice Walker.
        Considered inappropriate because of its “troubling ideas about race
        relations, man’s relationship to  God,  African  history  and human
        sexuality.” Challenged by Oakland, California, high  school  honors
        class, 1984;  rejected  for purchase by Hayward, California, school

       THE CRUCIBLE, by Arthur Miller.
        Considered dangerous  because it  contains  “sick  words  from  the
        mouths of demon-possessed people.” Challenged by Cumberland  Valley
        High School, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1982.

       CUJO, by Stephen King.
        Profanity and   strong   sexual   content   cited  as  reasons  for
        opposition.  Banned  by  Washington   County,   Alabama,  Board  of
        Education, 1985;  challenged by Rankin County, Mississippi,  School
        District, 1984;  removed  from  Bradford, New York, school library,
        1985; rejected  for  purchase  by   Hayward,   California,   school
        trustees, 1985.

       DEATH OF A SALESMAN, by Arthur Miller.
        Cited for  profanity.   Banned  by  Spring  Valley  Community  High
        School, French  Lick,  Indiana,  1981; challenged by Dallas, Texas,
        Independent School District high school libraries, 1974.

       THE DEVIL’S ALTERNATE, by Frederick Forsyth.
        Removed by Evergreen School District, Vancouver, Washington, 1983.

       THE DIARY OF A YOUNG GIRL, by Anne Frank.
        Objections to  sexually offensive  passages.   Challenged  by  Wise
        County, Virginia, 1982; Alabama State Book Committee, 1983.

       EAST OF EDEN, by John Steinbeck.
        Considered “ungodly and obscene.” Removed from Anniston,   Alabama,
        high school  libraries,  1982;  Morris, Manitoba, school libraries,

       A FAREWELL TO ARMS, by Ernest Hemingway.
        Labeled as a “sex novel.” Challenged  by Dallas, Texas, Independent
        School District high school libraries, 1974; Vernon-Verona-Sherill,
        New York, School District, 1980.

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       FIRESTARTER, by Stephen King.
        Cited for “graphic descriptions of sexual acts, vulgar language and
        violence.” Challenged  by  Campbell County, Wyoming, school system,

       FLOWERS FOR ALGERNON, by Daniel Keyes.
        Explicit, distasteful  love  scenes   cited   among   reasons   for
        opposition.  Banned   by  Plant  City,  Florida,  1976;   Emporium,
        Pennsylvania, 1977; Glen Rose (Arkansas) High School library, 1981.
        Challenged by     Oberlin   (Ohio)   High  School,  1983;  Glenrock
        (Wyoming) High School, 1984.

       FLOWERS IN THE ATTIC, by V.C. Andrews.
        Considered “dangerous”  because  it  contains  “offensive  passages
        concerning incest and sexual intercourse.” Challenged  by  Richmond
        (Rhode Island) High School, 1983.

       FOREVER, by Judy Blume.
        Detractors cite   its   “four-letter   words   and   [talk]   about
        masturbation, birth   control   and   disobedience   to   parents.”
        Challenged by   Midvalley   Junior-Senior   High  School   library,
        Scranton, Pennsylvania, 1982; Orlando, Florida, schools, 1982;
        Akron, Ohio,   School   District  libraries,  1983;  Howard-Suamico
        (Wisconsin) High School, 1983; Holdredge, Nebraska, Public Library,
        1984; Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Public  Library,  1984;  Patrick  County,
        Virginia, School  Board,  1986; Park Hill (Missouri)  South  Junior
        High School library, 1982.

       THE GRAPES OF WRATH, by John Steinbeck.
        Considered “dangerous”   because   of   obscene  language  and  the
        unfavorable depiction of a former  minister.   Banned  in  Kanawha,
        Iowa, 1980;  Morris, Manitoba, 1982.  Challenged by  Vernon-Verona-
        Sherill, New  York,  School  District,  1980;  Richford,  Vermonth,

       HARRIET THE SPY, by Louise Fitzhugh.
        Considered “dangerous” because it  “teaches  children  to lie, spy,
        back-talk and curse.” Challenged by Xenia, Ohio, school  libraries,

       HUCKLEBERRY FINN, by Mark Twain.
        Considered “dangerous”   because   of  objectionable  language  and
        “racist” terms  and  content.  Challenged  by  Winnetka,  Illinois,
        1976; Warrington, Pennsylvania, 1981; Davenport, Iowa, 1981;
        Fairfax County,  Virginia,  1982;  Houston,  Texas,   1982;   State
        College, Pennsylvania,  area  school  district  1983;  Springfield,
        Illinois, 1983 Waukegan, Illinois, 1984.

       I KNOW WHY THE CAGED BIRD SINGS, by Maya Angelou.
        Considered “dangerous” because it  preaches  “bitterness and hatred
        against whites.”  Challenged  by Alabama State Textbook  Committee,

       GGIE’S HOUSE, by Judy Blume.
        Challenged by Caspar, Wyoming, school libraries, 1984.

       IT’S OKAY IF YOU DON’T LOVE ME, by Norma Klein.
        Considered “dangerous”  because  it portrays “sex as the only thing
        on your people’s minds.” Banned in Haywood County, California,

                                      Page 3

        1981.  Removed   by   Widefield   (Colorado)   High  School,  1983;
        Vancouver, Washington, School District, 1984.

       THE LIVING BIBLE, by William C. Bower.
        Considered “dangerous” because it is “a perverted commentary on the
        King James Version.” Burned in Gastonia, North Carolina, 1986.

       LORD OF THE FLIES, by William Golding.
        Considered “demoralizing inasmuch  as it implies that man is little
        more than  an  animal.”  Challenged  by Dallas, Texas,  Independent
        School District  high  school  libraries, 1974; Sully Buttes (South
        Dakota) High School, 1981; Owen (North Carolina) High School, 1981;
        Marana (Arizona)  High  School,  1983;  Olney,  Texas,  Independent
        School District, 1984.

       LOVE IS ONE OF THE CHOICES, by Norma Klein.
        Removed from  Evergreen  School  District,  Vancouver,  Washington,

       THE MARTIAN CHRONICLES, by Ray Bradbury.
        Profanity and  the  use of God’s name in vain sparked opposition to
        this novel.  Challenged by Haines City (Florida) High School, 1982.

       MATARESE CIRCLE, by Robert Ludlum.
        “Unnecessarily rough  language  and   sexual  descriptions”  caused
        opposition to  this novel.  Restricted (to students  with  parental
        consent) by Pierce (Nebraska) High School, 1983.

       THE MERCHANT OF VENICE, by William Shakespeare.
        Objections to   purported   anti-Semitism.    Banned   by  Midland,
        Michigan, classrooms, 1980.

       NINETEEN EIGHTY-FOUR, by George Orwell.
        Objections to pro- Communist material and explicit sexual matter.
        Challenged by Jackson County, Florida, 1981.

       OF MICE AND MEN, by John Steinbeck.
        Considered “dangerous”  because   of   its  profanity  and  “vulgar
        language.” Banned   in   Syracuse,   Indiana,   1974;   Oil   City,
        Pennsylvania, 1977; Grand Blanc, Michigan, 1979; Continental, Ohio,
        1980l Skyline  High School,  Scottsboro, Alabama, 1983.  Challenged
        by Greenville, South Carolina, 1977;  Vernon-Verona-  Sherill,  New
        York, School District, 1980; St. David, Arizona, 1981;  Telly City,
        Indiana, 1982; Knoxville, Tennessee, School Board, 1984.

       ONE DAY IN THE LIFE OF IVAN DENISOVICH, by Alexander Solzhenitsyn.
        Objectionable language.   Removed  by  Milton  (New Hampshire) High
        School library, 1976.  Challenged by Mahwah, New Jersey, 1976;
        Omak, Washington,  1979;  Mohawk   Trail   Regional   High  School,
        Buckland, Mass, 1981.

        Removed from  required  reading  list  by Westport,  Massachusetts,
        1977.  Banned   by   Freemont  High  School,  St.  Anthony,  Idaho.
        (Instructor was fired.) Challenged  by  Merrimack  (New  Hampshire)
        High School, 1982.

       ORDINARY PEOPLE, bu Judith Guest.
        Called “obscene” and “depressing.” Banned (temporarily) by

                                      Page 4

        Merrimack (New Hampshire) High School, 1982.

        Challenged by Caspar, Whyoming, school libraries, 1984.

       THE PIGMAN, by Paul Zindel.
        Considered “dangerous”  because  it  features  “liars, cheaters and
        stealers.” Challenged  by  Hillsboro,  Missouri,  School  District,

       THE RED PONY, by John Steinbeck.
        Called a  “filthy, trashy sex novel.” Challenged by  Vernon-Verona-
        Sherill, New York, School District, 1980.

       THE SEDUCTION OF PETER S., by Lawrence Sanders.
        Called “blatantly graphic, pornographic and wholly unacceptable for
        a high  school  library.” Burned by Stroudsburg (Pennsylvania) High
        School library, 1985.

       A SEPARATE PEACE, by John Knowles.
        Detractors cite offensive language and sex as dangerous elements in
        this novel.  Challenged by Vernon-Verona-Sherill,  New York, School
        District, 1980; Fannett-Metal High School, Shippensburg, Pa, 1985.

       THE SHINING, by Stephen King.
        Considered dangerous  because  it  “contains violence  and  demonic
        possession and  ridicules  the  Christian  religion.” Challenged by
        Campbell County,  Wyoming,  school   system,   1983.    Banned   by
        Washington County, Alabama, Board of Education, 1985.

       SILAS MARNER, by George Eliot.
        Banned by Union High School, Anaheim, California, 1978.

       SLAUGHTERHOUSE-FIVE, by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.
        Considered “dangerous” because of violent, irreverent,  profane and
        sexually explicit content.  Burned in Drake, North Carolina, 1973;
        Rochester, Michigan,   1972;   Levittown,  New  York,  1975;  North
        Jackson, Ohio, 1979; Lakeland, Florida, 1982.  Barred from purchase
        by Washington Park High School,  Racine,  Wi,  1984.  Challenged by
        Owensboro (Kentucky) High School library, 1985.

       SUPERFUDGE, by Judy Blume.
        Disapproval based on “profane, immoral and offensive” content.
        Challenged by  Caspar,  Wyoming, school libraries,  1984;  Bozeman,
        Montana, school libraries, 1985.

       THAT WAS THEN, THIS IS NOW, by S.E. Hinton.
        Objections to  “graphic  language, subject matter, immoral tone and
        lack of literary quality.” Challenged  by Pagosa Springs, Colorado,

       TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD, by Harper Lee.
        Considered “dangerous” because of profanity and undermining of race
        relations.  Challenged   (temporaily   banned)  in   Eden   Valley,
        Minnesota, 1977;  Vernon-Verona-Sherill, New York, School District,
        1980; Warren, Indiana, township schools,  1981; Waukegan, Illinois,
        School District, 1984; Kansas City, Missouri, junior  high schools,
        1985; Park  Hill (Missouri) Junior High School, 1985.  Protested by
        black parents and NAACP in Casa Grande  (Arizona) Elementary School
        District, 1985.
                                      Page 5

       ULYSSES, by James Joyce.
        “Given its  long  history  of  censorship,  ULYSSES has rarely been
        selected for  high school libraries.”  —  Judith  Krug,  director,
        Office for  Intellectual  Freedom,  American  Library  Association,

       UNCLE TOM’S CABIN, by Harriet B. Stowe.
        Use of  the word nigger caused opposition.  Challenged by Waukegan,
        Illinois, School District, 1984.

       WHERE THE SIDEWALK ENDS, by Shel Silverstein.
        Considered by opponents to undermine parental, school and religious
        authority.  Pulled from shelves for  review by Minot, North Dakota,
        public school libraries, 1986.  Challenged by Xenia,  Ohio,  school
        libraries, 1983..

       Sources for all   of   the   above   information:  American  Library
       Association RESOURCE BOOK  FOR   BANNED   BOOK  WEEK  1986  and  the
       NEWSLETTER ON INTELLECTUAL  FREEDOM,  published by  the  Office  for
       Intellectual Freedom. Complete  documentation  is available from the
       American Library Association.

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              Thank you for your consideration, interest and support.

           Jerry W. Decker………Ron Barker………..Chuck Henderson
                             Vangard Sciences/KeelyNet