2010 Archeology News Recap: November

Throughout time, ancient humans used a wide variety of tools in their everyday life. As man evolved, so did the sophistication of their materials. In this article, you will learn where the oldest metal tools in the world were found, as well as information concerning the Temple of Quetzacoatl.

Oldest Metal Tools Uncovered

In Plocnik, Serbia, news came by way of the discovery of the oldest metal tools in the world. As archeologists uncovered a range of artifacts in the village, they found all sorts of axes, hammers, hooks, and needles even though the village had been destroyed by fire about 7,000 years ago.

The find of the old copper tools in Serbia may shift the current theories concerning where and when man started to use metal. Following the big fire that led to the destruction of the village, the inhabitants who remain unknown moved to another location. However, the things that they left behind will play an important role in deciphering where metal fits into the region’s cultural history.

Scientists had originally thought that mining, extraction and manipulation of copper started in Asia Minor, where it spread to other regions afterwards.

What is Underneath the Temple of Quetzacoatl?

A tunnel has been uncovered underneath the Temple of Quetzacoatl in Teotihuacan. After sending robots to explore the tunnel, archeologists believe that it is stable enough for them to conduct research. The passage, which stretched more than 100 meters long was embedded into the rock perfectly. In some places, marks of the tools that the people of Teotihuacan used to make the tunnel have been detected. It is a possibility that tombs of past rulers could be found somewhere along the passageway.

Other archeology news from November 2010 includes:

A pool that was once part of a bath house constructed by the Tenth Legion of Rome has been uncovered in Jerusalem. The find is important because out of all the excavations that have taken place in the Jewish quarter, this discovery is the first building found that is connected to the 2nd and 3rd century.

In southeast China, a pit dating back 3,000 years ago was found that contained apricot and melon seeds. A representative of the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology believes the cellar was most likely used to preserve fruits for the wealthy.

An archivist at the National Portrait Gallery in London came across a cigarette box dating back to the 19th century that happened to contain bits of King Richard II’s coffin. Also included were sketches and measurements of his bones. At the same time, the graves of several different monarchs that were buried at Westminster Abbey had been opened.

Evidence of cut marks produced by stone tools or sharp stones on animal bones that date back 3.4 million years has been discovered in Dikika, Ethiopia. This find would indicate that Australopithecus afarensis butchered and ate meat. However, this month, a claim was made that the marks did not come from human ancestors, but were made by other animals that had trampled over the bones.